Climate Change: Adaptation Plans

City of Windsor Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Municipalities have a significant role to play in climate change adaptation as many climate change impacts will directly affect the services provided by the City of Windsor and our agencies. This plan was developed through consultation with all City departments and select City agencies and followed the five climate impacts that pose the greatest risk to the City. The actions taken today by the City of Windsor to proactively adapt to the changing climate will enhance community resilience to climate change while reducing the human and economic costs of climate related impacts.

Adapting to Climate Change: Challenges for Niagara

This report has been written to describe how climate is changing in the Niagara region, Ontario, the impacts that can be expected in the near future, protective activities that are underway in the region, and gaps that need to be addressed in order to develop and implement adaptation strategies.

Adapting to Changing Flood Patterns in the City of Hamilton (2012)

Like many Ontario municipalities, the City of Hamilton has recently experienced extensive flooding as a result of several severe storms. More frequent and intense storm activity is expected in this region as a result of climate change.

The case study outlines Hamilton's iterative and progressive approach to addressing flooding issues that arise from climate change. The strategy includes development of comprehensive Master Plans, creation of a Storm Event Response Group (SERG) and development of an independent Community Panel (ICP) composed of experts in the community. This case study concludes with the lessons learns from this process, which may assist other Ontario communities facing similar flooding challenges from increased storm activity.

From Vision to Action: Region of Durham Community Climate Change Local Action Plan

To address climate changes, municipalities must act to reduce Greenhouse Gases and act to prevent climate impacts from affecting their residents. In addition to taking action on climate change, the implementation of the potential programs in this report would also increase economic activity, create new businesses and enhance our quality of life in the region. It is important to have collaboration with, and collective and co-ordinated effort by the community and government.

Ontario’s Great Lakes Strategy

The Ontario Great Lake's Strategy focuses on empowering action by all partners on Great Lakes – from provincial ministries to local service clubs – and on restoring Great Lakes water, beaches and coastal areas. It aims to conserve biodiversity and deal with invasive species. The Strategy supports science to guide our Great Lakes work and addresses the need for climate change adaptation.

York Region De-Icing Strategies (2012)

Like many municipalities in Ontario, the Region of York is increasingly challenged by the growing variability of the winter season. Freeze-thaw damage, weather variability and extreme weather events such as blizzards pose a safety hazard for travelers and make it increasingly difficult to maintain the roads, resulting in costly investment in infrastructure.

To adapt to these new weather patterns, the Region has invested in new strategies for de-icing and anti-icing, and has adopted several new tools to optimize their ability to respond to these winter issues.

The case study highlights specific challenges faced by the Region concerning ice and concludes with lessons learned that may be of value to other municipalities that experience similar issues.

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation: Lessons Learned from ten Examples

Some of the main questions communities face in planning for and implementing climate adaptation are: how to begin, how best to use climate science, how to determine the right policies, how to institutionalize them, and how to budget for them. This paper presents ten examples of cities and counties around the country. Each highlights the key lessons learned in the process of moving from planning to implementation on climate adaptation.

Hamilton Conservation Authority Climate Change Strategy

The City of Hamilton has experienced several cases of extreme weather over the past decade including flooding, drought and wind events. Recognizing that these events are expected to increase in both frequency and intensity as the climate changes, the Hamilton Conservation Authority decided to develop a climate change adaptation strategy based on a watershed approach. The case study explores the major tenets of the strategy and discusses the challenges, process, next steps and lessons learned. These elements may assist other municipalities and conservation authorities in developing their own ad

Hamilton Conservation Authority Climate Change Strategy (2012)

The City of Hamilton, Ontario, has experienced several cases of extreme weather over the past decade including flooding, drought and wind events. Recognizing that these events are expected to increase in both frequency and intensity as the climate changes, the Hamilton Conservation Authority decided to develop a climate change adaptation strategy based on a watershed approach.

The case study explores the major tenets of the strategy and discusses the challenges, process, next steps and lessons learned. These elements may assist other municipalities and conservation authorities in developing their own adaptation strategy with a watershed approach.

Involving Homeowners in Urban Flood Risk Reduction: City of London, Ontario (2011)

The City of London, Ontario has experienced many flooding events over the past few decades, often related to extreme precipitation events and seasonal thaw. Involving homeowners in adaptation strategies is a key factor in their success.

This case study developed by the Institute of Catastrophic Loss Reduction explores homeowner perceptions on basement flooding and the mitigative behaviours of residents in the Sherwood Forest neighbourhood of London, Ontario. The results of this study are provided and several recommendations, next steps, challenges and lessons learned were identified as well.

This case study can provide insight for municipalities into the challenges involved in engaging homeowners and residents in climate change  adaptation, and the best ways to achieve successful participation in municipal programs.