Climate Change: Adaptation Plans

Community Based Adaptation in Brampton Through the Sustainable Neighbourhood Retrofit Action Plan (2011)

The Toronto and Region Conservation Authority has established several pilot programs throughout the Greater Toronto Area to promote climate change adaptation and sustainability in established urban neighbourhoods. The Sustainable Neighbourhood Retrofit Action Plan (SNAP) program based in Brampton focused on the County Court neighbourhood.

Through a series of community and stakeholder engagement efforts and in partnership with local businesses, residents and neighbourhood groups, the SNAP developed an action plan for the community that identified recommended actions for the municipality, the neighbourhood and the private landowners. The case study describes the SNAP program and discusses the features of the Brampton SNAP program. In addition, the case study examines the challenges that were encountered throughout the process and the lessons learned by the project team.

Creating a Regional Climate Change Strategy in Peel (2011)

The Region of Peel, Ontario, has experienced climate change impacts and expects greater impacts in the future according to available climate projections. To prevent damage related to climate change impacts, and to build adaptive capacity within, the Region of Peel developed the Peel Region Climate Change Adaptation Strategy. The strategy was a collaborative effort that included partners in the lower tier municipalities and conservation authorities within the Region of Peel.

This case study reviews the features of this progressive strategy and identifies the benefits of addressing climate change impacts at a regional level. The case study also includes a discussion of the challenges that the Region encountered throughout the process as well as some of the key lessons learned that may assist other Regions to incorporate climate change into their key plans and strategies.

Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into the Town of Ajax Official Plan (2011)

The Town of Ajax, Ontario, has experienced several climate change impacts including more variable weather, extreme wind events and an increase of invasive species. To prevent damage related to such events, and to build adaptive capacity within the municipality, the Town has incorporated climate adaptation and mitigation strategies into their Official Plan.

This case study reviews the Official Plan in some detail to provide insight into the process of mainstreaming climate change in a municipality. The case study further discusses the primary challenges the Town experienced throughout the process and concludes with lessons learned that can assist other municipalities in building climate change adaptation into municipal plans and strategies.

Wisconsin’s Changing Climate: Impacts and Adaptation

This report is the first in a series that will provide an ongoing assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation strategies in Wisconsin. To adapt successfully, local and state decision-makers must have access to climate science, predicted impacts, adaptation strategies and means of implementing adaptation. This report builds a foundation for long-term integration of climate risk education into Wisconsin's professional and community development efforts.

Adapting to Climate Change: An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities: Case Studies Section (2010)

Adapting to Climate Change: An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities is a compendium of eleven case studies developed by Natural Resources Canada to provide municipal decision-makers and staff with examples of climate change adaptation actions, focusing on how to develop and implement strong adaptation measures. Each case study outlines the climate change impacts on the selected community, the plan-making process, measures adopted, next steps and lessons learned. The case studies included in the report are:

  • Clyde River’s Community Climate Change Adaptation Plan
  • City of Kamloops’ Wildfire Protection Plan
  • Metro Vancouver’s Stormwater Management Plan
  • Edmonton’s Urban Forest Management Plan
  • Regina’s Water Conservation Program
  • London Ontario’s Climate Change Adaptation Strategy
  • Toronto’s Heat Health Alert System
  • Quebec City’s Environmental Services Adaptation Plan
  • Le Goulet’s Climate Change Adaptation Plan
  • Planning for Sea-level Rise in Halifax Harbour
  • Preparing for Storm Surges in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia

Adaptation and Risk Management

Risk management approaches are increasingly being recommended for adaptation assessments at both national and local levels. The reorientation of adaptation from an assessment focused solely on anthropogenic climate change to broader issues of vulnerability/resilience, sustainable development and disaster risk, especially through a risk management framework, can draw from existing policy and management understanding in communities, professions and agencies, incorporating existing agendas, knowledge, risks, and issues they already face.

Chicago Climate Action Plan

This report can be thought of as an overview document to help everyone learn about Chicago's Climate Action Plan – how it was created, why it is necessary, what are its goals. The Plan outlines 26 actions for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and nine actions to prepare for climate change. These actions call upon a range of government bodies – local, regional and national – to improve policies. The Plan also details steps for organizations of all kinds and suggests actions for every individual. It covers those issues: stormwater management, heating, cooling, air quality, green urban design, plants and trees, public engagement, businesses, and future planning.


Developing a Geospatial Decision Support System to Address Extreme Heat and the Urban Heat Island Effect in the Greater Toronto Area (2008)

To address the growing threat of extreme heat events to the population of Toronto, Ontario, the City partnered with the Clean Air Partnership, the GTA Clean Air Council and Natural Resources Canada with the end goal of developing a GIS-based decision support tool for decisionmakers. CAP conducted a user needs study to assess current GIS capacity of end users; identify the need for GIS based decision support with regard to heat-related decisionmaking; identify the technology, policies, data and services that would be required to address extreme heat within the City; and assess the Canadian Geospatial Data Inventory (CGDI) to understand its potential use for the tool.

The case study explores the process and results of the User Needs Assessments and makes recommendations for next steps that the City can pursue to establish the GIS-based decision support tool and integrate it into health and planning decisionmaking processes.

Climate Change Adaptation Options for Toronto’s Urban Forest

This case study presents some of the expected climate change impacts challenging Toronto's urban forest as well as a number of adaptation options that can be undertaken to protect these vulnerable species.

Lake Superior Climate Adaptation, Mitigation and Implementation Plan: For Communities in the Lake Superior Watershed of Michigan’s upper Peninsula

Date of publication unknown

The Superior Watershed Partnership (SWP) has developed the Lake Superior Climate Adaptation,Mitigation and Implementation Plan specifically for coastal communities in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The plan provides a summary of current conditions, potential impacts and recommendations for mitigating and adapting to climate change in the Lake Superior watershed.